Team CSC Anti-Doping Program - 6 Month Report
As promised by Doctor Rasmus Damsgaard and Team CSC; the results of the CSC
Anti-Doping initiative for clean sport are public.
Today we start a new era in team transparency and Anti-doping efforts led by
Team CSC and Dr. Rasmus Damsgaard with the release of the overview of six months
of testing with over 400 doping tests of the Team CSC riders initiated in
December. Today is a beginning...
Over 400 tests have been conducted in what Rasmus Damsgaard and Bispebjerg
University Hospital consider the most extensive anti-doping program in the
history of the sport.
All 198 urine samples have proven negative and all 225 blood tests have shown to
be below both the UCI limits and the significantly lower limits set by Dr
Damsgaard for the program.
So-called “blood profiles” have been created for all Team CSC riders and with no
exceptions they all show a continuity, which lies within the physiological norm
for any normal human being.
The 28 Team CSC riders have all been submitted to countless out of competition
tests, which has been one of the key elements of the program.
”The program has had three main objectives: To catch cheaters and detect doping,
to set entirely new standards for the future fight against doping and to
maintain the health and integrity of the riders. We have created the most rigid
testing system in the entire history of the sport, and none of our results have
indicated anything suspicious whatsoever. Both I and the UCI consider this
program groundbreaking and in future it will hopefully gain a lot of support
from the sports world in general.” says Dr Damsgaard.
The UCI President Pat McQuaid praises the program with the following words:
”The UCI applauds Team CSC for their efforts to rid professional cycling of
doping. The CSC Anti-Doping programme is strong, independent and transparent.
Their riders are subjected to many different types of testing throughout the
"Testing is planned and coordinated independently through Bispebjerg Hospital in
Copenhagen. The UCI has access to all testing plans and outcomes. Results are
managed by the UCI in accordance with UCI rules. More importantly, Team CSC is
making genuine efforts to change their team culture so that riders no longer
feel the need or pressure to dope. The combination of CSC’s strong anti-doping
programme with their equally strong culture of hard, clean riding is certainly
an example for other ProTeams to follow” says McQuaid."
Bjarne Riis, who has taken the initiative to start the program, says:
”First and foremost the riders and our sponsors deserve major credit for their
great efforts and support for the program. They have all contributed to this
historic initiative, which is truly a milestone in the fight against doping. I
have never doubted, whether it was possible to implement such a system on our
team, because I know, what we stand for. We want to play a big part in creating
a healthy future for cycling and with the implementation of this program as well
as the test results being made public today, we have taken a giant leap in the
right direction,” says Bjarne Riis.
Press Release concerning the Team CSC Anti-Doping Program:
Results and Scope of the Project:
“Team CSC Anti-Doping Program” has three aims:
1. To catch possible cheaters within the team
2. To set a new precedent in the anti-doping framework
3. To ensure and protect the health and integrity of the riders
Ad. 1. All 198 urine tests have been negative and all 225 blood tests have
been within the limits set by UCI.
Ad. 2. The extensive, out-of-competition test strategy is meant to put
pressure on anti-doping authorities and other cycling teams to improve their
anti-doping regimes so that more cheaters can be detected. The program has
inspired UCI to launch the “100% against doping” campaign. In addition, other
professional cycling teams seem to be interested in establishing similar
programs for their team.
Ad. 3 Educating the riders throughout the program about their own physiology
and giving them the possibility to see specifically how their values react to
illness, travel, overtraining, altitude, competition etc. And, equally as
important, creating an independent medical profile to protect the riders from
false or unsubstantiated allegations.
These aims have successfully been obtained which puts this program well
ahead of any anti-doping activity taking place in sports today.
Testing and Collection of Results
Collection of tests has been carried out unannounced and in mainly
out-of-competition (85% of all tests). Urine and blood samples have been
collected by the UCI certified, independent Stockholm based anti-doping company,
International Doping Test & Management.
An equal number of tests will be obtained during the remainder of 2007,
amounting to a total of more than 800 tests.
The tests include blood for blood profiles, blood transfusions and growth
hormone, and urine tests for steroids and EPO. The medical personnel testing the
riders are responsible for taking samples whenever they see fit; riders are
contractually required to advise them about their whereabouts at all times so
that they are tested without prior warning.
The collection has taken place on four continents with the majority of tests
planned during the out-of-season and pre-season period. On average, each rider
has been tested 15 times; In the first four months of the program, each of the
28 Team CSC riders were tested more than any professional football player or
basketball player will be tested in their entire career.
All tests have been done under the WADA Code, analyzed at WADA
accredited laboratories and made available to the UCI. Now, after enough data
has been accumulated, the aggregate results are being made available to the
public. This strengthens the fact that this program is fully transparent.
Test results are forwarded by the WADA accredited laboratories to the UCI
(and if “positive” to WADA) before the results are presented to the program
manager and lastly to the Team CSC. No interference or tampering with results is
Administration of Measurements
When more than four blood screenings have been determined an
individual blood profile can be constructed and the likelihood of the magnitude
of future blood samples can be established. Therefore a database has been
constructed in order to follow the profiles of each rider facilitating a
possible immediate follow-up test if needed.
Rasmus Damsgaard MD, PhD
Bispebjerg University Hospital
Click on graphs below for larger images.
Click on graph for a larger image
# Possible natural high hemoglobin in a young rider
* UCI permission for exceeding upper limits due to documented natural high
$ Blood collected after days of high intensity competition.
Green: UCI Upper Limit
Red: CSC Upper Limit
Black: Average Normal Population
Left to right:
Rider - Minor Variations: Blood profile with a minimum of
variations in hemoglobin (grey bars) and reticulocytes (black line)
Rider - Normal Variations: Blood profile
with normal variations in hemoglobin (grey bars) and reticulocytes (black line).
In addition to 6 out of competition EPO and steroid tests, this rider had
specific follow up tests for EPO and blood transfusions - all negative.
Athlete (Non Cyclists) Positive for EPO:
Blood profile with a characteristic "wave like" pattern in an athlete tested
positive for EPO in February 2002. The reticulocytes (black line) shows major
variations with concomitant increases in hemoglobin (grey bars).